网站仅允许CloudFlare IP访问 隐藏源站IP 防止源站被扫描 自动添加IP

120 阅读技术资料Cloudflare IP
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有的时候我们需要借助Cloudflare 的安全防护功能来防止CC或者DDoS攻击,即仅允许Cloudflare CDN的IP访问我们的访问。

Nginx直接拒绝和允许IP访问代码示例如下:

location / {
deny 192.168.1.1;
allow 192.168.1.0/24;
allow 10.1.1.0/16;
allow 2001:0db8::/32;
#Railgun IP
deny all;
}

如果我们仅允许Cloudflare CDN的IP访问网站,我们可以直接在nginx配置中将Cloudflare CDN的IP添加到允许的范围内。

#直接加入
# https://www.cloudflare.com/ips
# IPv4
allow 103.21.244.0/22;
allow 103.22.200.0/22;
allow 103.31.4.0/22;
allow 104.16.0.0/12;
allow 108.162.192.0/18;
allow 131.0.72.0/22;
allow 141.101.64.0/18;
allow 162.158.0.0/15;
allow 172.64.0.0/13;
allow 173.245.48.0/20;
allow 188.114.96.0/20;
allow 190.93.240.0/20;
allow 197.234.240.0/22;
allow 198.41.128.0/17;
  # IPv6
allow 2400:cb00::/32;
allow 2405:8100::/32;
allow 2405:b500::/32;
allow 2606:4700::/32;
allow 2803:f800::/32;
allow 2c0f:f248::/32;
allow 2a06:98c0::/29;

自动更新Cloudflare CDN的IP。手动添加Cloudflare CDN的IP到Nginx配置当中简单方便,但是一旦Cloudflare CDN的IP有变化时还得自己手动处理,我们可以创建一个脚本,定时去更新Cloudflare CDN的IP,自动添加到Nginx配置中,代码如下:

touch /usr/local/nginx/conf/allow_ip.conf
#修改网站nginx配置,加入以下代码:
include /usr/local/nginx/conf/allow_ip.conf;
 vim /data/script/allow_cf_ip.sh
#!/bin/bash
echo "#Cloudflare" > /usr/local/nginx/conf/allow_ip.conf;
for i in `curl https://www.cloudflare.com/ips-v4`; do
echo "allow $i;" >> /usr/local/nginx/conf/allow_ip.conf;
done
for i in `curl https://www.cloudflare.com/ips-v6`; do
echo "allow $i;" >> /usr/local/nginx/conf/allow_ip.conf;
done
 #添加定时任务
0 5 * * 1 /bin/bash /data/script/allow_cf_ip.sh

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